Papa-Bear-NYC Posted August 24, 2008 Share Posted August 24, 2008 (edited) It all started with Manomet. Well actually maybe it's all Holograph's fault with his great web site on the EOA. And it could never have happened without the Internet and Google Books, and NOAA's publications. What is it I'm talking about? A couple of weekend's ago I found and recovered a marvelous monument on the Massachusetts / New Hampshire boundary. It turns out to be the most important spot on the boundary whose location was determined in 1741 and is probably the most important and historic point in that area which happens to be known and visited by NO ONE AT ALL. The Pine Tree (sorry it's hard to see - but notice the stones piled around its base) Here's how I got there: Summer 2007: a discussion on this forum introduced me to the Eastern Oblique Arc which is explained in Holograph's site above and in the 1902 report from the NOAA site. Being the history buff / benchmark hunter / compulsive list maker that I am, I said "Wouldn't it be cool to find all those 19th century marks". Sept. 2007 - I go to Maine a nd New Brunswicjk and actually find a bunch of these marks. April 2007 - A coincidence of a trip with the County High Pointers and benchmarking led me to meet up with Dave (ddnutzy) and together we found a bunch more of the EOA stations in Massachusetts (see this thread). I was intrigued as to why a few of the stations in Massachusetts pre-dated the main survey that the Coast Survey did there by some 10 to 15 years (including Manomet). It was then I discovered and learned about Simeon Borden and his early survey of Massachusetts. I did a bit of internet research and learned a little about Borden's "Trigonometrical Survey of Massachusetts" and NGS Surveyor was gracious to send me a copy, including Borden's Map (which, with some help from my Photoshop savvy son, I put up on-line here). I discovered that in addition to making the survey of Massachusetts, Borden also surveyed selected points on the border, one of which (Watatick) I found in July (see the last bit of this log including the last few photos). Apparently he set a few monuments such as that one, but on the whole he surveyed existing monuments and included their locations in his results. One was called "Pine Tree" and it was near the end of the east-west line of the New Hampshire border. a couple of weeks ago I was going near that area, so I figured out the location using the modern datum, and went and looked for it. Well (besides getting lost on the way back from my car), I found much more than I bargained for. There was a monument with all kinds of dates on it: On one side was "1741" which included a picture of the original pine tree used when the line was first laid out. On the North and South sides under th "M" or "NH", were the dates 1825-27, when the line was first marked by stone monuments, and 1890, when the present monuments replaced the older ones. The another date (not engraved on the monument), was 1834 when Borden measured the location of the point (this date was given in C.G.S. Publication No. 76 "Triangulation in Massachusetts"). On the remaining (west) side was the date of the original Royal Decree (1740). Here's the east side of the monument with the Pine Tree: And here's the west side which dates the decree and gives the names of the surveyors (George Mitchell and Richard Hazan): Now I was really, really intrigued. This was no ordinary state boundary marker. When I got home, I did some more research and discovered this was the actual Point of Beginning of the 1741 survey. It was originally called "Mitchell's Boundary Pine". I found the log of one of the original surveyors (Hazan) in an obscure genealogical journal and I quote: So the history of this point can be traced as follows: 1740: Decree of king George II (see this). 1741: Mitchell and Hazan lay out the line starting at the pine tree (see this and above journal entry of Hazen). 1827: the line is remarked with rough stone monuments (see this). 1834: selected points are surveyed by Simeon Borden as part of his survey of Massachusetts (see Borden map, small circles on border). 1890: the current monuments were put in place, including this one (see this). The only monument with similar documentation on the stone itself is I think MY5214 - SALISBURY MARSH MONUMENT, which includes Borden's 1834 copper bolt and an 1890 marble monument with many of the same names of commissioners and surveyors as this monument. As far as I have been able to discover, all the points surveyed by Borden made their way into the NGS data base, but many of them (including this one) are not published since the original descriptions were lost. This station has a PID of MY2668. I've entered a full description in my NGS recovery log, so hopefully in a month or so, you'll be able to read this sheet. In the mean time I logged in here on GC under station MY2666 GUMPUS 1834 which is near by and which I also recovered the same day. Here's my log for this station MY2668 - PINE TREE MONUMENT which includes all the photos and quotes from various decrees, surveys, &ct. And here's a Google Map: Pine Tree Monument Google Map Check it out. But if you are a boundary monument buff like me and decide to go and find it, do yourself a favor - take a waypoint at your car before you venture into the open woods for the short .3 miles trek to the stone. You might save your self the 4 mile walk back that I enjoyed on that hot day! Edited August 25, 2008 by Papa-Bear-NYC Quote Link to comment
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